The wonders of the world are a compilation of such amazing natural and man-made structures that surprise humans. From ancient times to the present days, many different wonders of the world have been made. Some of these have been given below. We invite the users to vote your favorite man-made Structure which gives you the most surprises.
Colossus of Rhodes is a statue of Helios, located in the island of Rhodes, Greece, made by Chares of Lindos between 292 and 280 BC. This statue is regarded as the 7 wonders of the ancient world. Before its destruction, this statue stood more than 32 meters tall, making it the tallest statue in the ancient world. Colossus of Rhodes is almost the same height as the Statue of Liberty. This tallest structure destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BC. It is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The statue made with bronze plates on an iron frame represented the Greek god of the sun, Helios. According to Pliny the Elder, he measured about 32 meters. The base is white marble, measured 40 cubits (15 meters). It would have weighed about 70 tons. In comparison with the Statue of Liberty located in New York - measures 33 meters and has a base of 48 meters, although it was built more than 2000 years later.
Stonehenge is a famous prehistoric architecture located in Wiltshire, Britain. The Stonehenge is a composite structure, formed by concentric circles of stones that are up to five meters high and weighing almost fifty tons. Stonehenge is formed by large blocks of metamorphic rocks distributed in four concentric circles. The exterior block is thirty meters in diameter, is formed by large rectangular stones. The whole complex is surrounded by a circular moat measuring 104 m in diameter. Within this space there is a terrace with 56 pits known as the "Aubrey holes". The Stonehenge This is a megalithic sludge (a sphere made by arranging large rocks). More than 7 meters (23 ft) high rockers have been planted in the ground and a sphere has been made. Historians speculate that its creation was completed in the Stone Age and Bronze Age from 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE. There is a difference of opinion among the scholars about the purpose of the ancient structure of Stonehenge. But here starting from the pre 3000 BC, the symbols of human graves are found in which the oldest estates were of a deceased fire in 3000 BC.
Colosseum built in Rome, Italy is the largest elliptical amphitheater of the Roman Empire. This is considered to be the best specimen of Roman architecture and engineering. It was created by the ruler Vespasian between the 70th - 72nd AD and then it was completed by Emperor Titus in the 80th century. Between 81 and 96 years there were some more changes in the reign of Domitian. The oval Colosseum had a capacity of 50,000 people, which was not common in that time. There were bloody battles among warriors in this stadium for mere entertainment. Warriors also had to fight with animals. Gladiators fought with tigers. It is estimated that about 5 lakh animals and 10 lakh people have been killed in such demonstrations in this stadium. Apart from this, dramas based on mythology were also played here. There were twice a year of grand events and Romanians loved this game very much.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria, considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and one of the most advanced and effective achievements of Hellenistic technology, was built on the island of Pharos, facing the port of Alexandria in Egypt, in the years between 300 to 280 BC and remained operational until the fourteenth century, when it was destroyed by two earthquakes. It was built by Sostratus of Cnidus a Greek architect and engineer. The project was started by Ptolemy I Soter and was completed by his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus. The purpose of the imposing work was to increase the safety of incoming and outgoing maritime traffic, made dangerous by the numerous sandbanks in the stretch of sea overlooking the port of Alexandria and the absence of orographic reliefs. It allowed to signal the position of the port to the ships, by day through the special bronze mirror polished that reflected the sunlight to the open sea, while fires were lit at night.
Chichen Itza is an important Mayan archaeological complex located in Mexico, in the north of the Yucatán peninsula. The ruins, which extend over an area of 3 km, belonged to a large city that was one of the most important centers of the region around the epiclassic period of the Maya civilization, between the sixth and the eleventh century. The site includes numerous buildings, representative of different architectural styles, among the most famous we can indicate the pyramid of Kukulkan (known as El Castillo), the astronomical observatory and the Temple of the warriors. The Chichen Itza site was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site in 1988. It is a federal property of the state of Mexico, and is administered by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH). It was included in 2007 among the seven wonders of the modern world.
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or mausoleum of Mausolo was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC in Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) to Mausolo, a satrap of the Achaemenid Empire, and Artemisia II of Cária, his sister and wife. The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pytheus. It was approximately 45 meters high, and each of its four sides was adorned with reliefs created by each of the four Greek sculptors - Buraxis, Scopas of Paros, Leocarés and Timóteo. The finished structure was considered to be an aesthetic triumph by Antipater of Sidon, who identified it as one of its seven wonders of the ancient world. The word mausoleum has come to be used generically for any grand tomb, although "MAUSOLEUM - Eion" originally meant "associated with Mausolo". The building was destroyed by successive earthquakes from the 12th to the 15th century.
Kiyomizu-dera, officially Otowa-san Kiyomizu-dera is an ancient Buddhist temple, which was built in 798 and has been damaged or burned ten times due to war or natural disasters. Behind the main temple there is a Jishu-jinja temple called the God of Matchmaking, and in front of the temple there are 2 stones which are often called "Blind Stones" and "Stone of Astrologers of Love". It is said that according to local residents by closing their eyes 100 meters away we walk towards the blind stone by closing our eyes and until right in front of the blind stone, then our desires will be achieved. And to test the loyalty of the heart of the couple, we can try rock fortune tellers, the way remains the same as closing the eyes, but if the direction of our feet is not right toward the rock fortune teller or stray far away then our hearts are still thinking of others.
The Sydney Opera House is a building for opera and other performing arts (music, dance, theater) in the Australian city of Sydney. It is the home of the Sydney Symphony Orchestra. It was designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon and has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2007. The plan to build the Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbor came into being in 1955. An international architecture competition was organized for it. Jørn Utzon won the competition with this design, he would have drawn the design in one go without a ruler or calculator. Utzon loved sailing. This building would symbolize his love for sailing because the roofs look not only like shells but also like the sails of a large sailing ship.