Party (Alliance): Indian National CongressElected constituency: Phulpur, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 15 August 1947 - 15 April 1952
15 April 1952 - 17 April 1957
17 April 1957 - 2 April 1962
2 April 1962 - 27 May 1964Total Time: 16 years, 286 daysJawaharlal Nehru (Hindi: जवाहरलाल नेहरू, born November 14, 1889 - died May 27, 1964 at age 74) was the first (and longest serving) Indian statesman as Indian prime minister from 1947 to 1964. During the freedom struggle of India, Nehru had to go to jail many times, from where he used to write letters to his daughter Indira. In this letter he used to tell about India and its history, which was later printed in the book known as “Glimpses of World History” and “The Discovery of India”. He is often called Pandit Nehru ("pandit" in Sanskrit and Hindi, meaning "scholar" or "teacher") and especially in India, as Panditji (with "-ji" being the name suffix of honor).
2. Gulzarilal Nanda
Party (Alliance): Indian National CongressElected constituency: Sabarkantha, GujaratTerm of office: 27 May 1964 - 9 June 1964
11 January 1966 - 24 January 1966Total Time: 26 daysGulzarilal Nanda (4 of July, 1898 - 15 of January, 1998), was a politician and Indian economist who always looking forward to the awareness of labor issues. He was acting Prime Minister of India twice: the first after Jawaharlal Nehru's death in 1964 and the second after Lal Bahadur Shastri's death in 1966. Both interim affairs were less than 2 weeks, a period necessary for the Party of Congress (in power) elected a new leader.
3. Lal Bahadur Shastri
Party (Alliance): Indian National CongressElected constituency: Allahabad, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 9 June 1964 - 11 January 1966Total Time: 1 year, 216 daysLal Bahadur Shastri (2 October, 1904 - 11 January, 1966) was the second Prime Minister of India. He was the Foreign Minister of India between 1963-1965. He was born in the Mughal Saraya of Uttar Pradesh. His name was Lal Bahadur Shrivastav in childhood. His father Sharda Prasad was a poor teacher who later became a clerk in the finance department. After the independence of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri was appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary of Uttar Pradesh. He worked hard to bring the Congress party to the overwhelming majority in the elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962. After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru on May 27, 1964, Lal Bahadur Shastri accepted the post of Prime Minister on June 9, 1964.
4. Indira Gandhi
Party (Alliance): Indian National CongressElected constituency: Rajya Sabha MP for Uttar Pradesh
Rae Bareli, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 24 January 1966 - 4 March 1967
4 March 1967 - 15 March 1971
15 March 1971 - 24 March 1977Total Time: 11 years, 59 daysIndira Priyadarshini Gandhi (born surname: Nehru) (19 November 1917 - 31 October 1984) was the Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three successive consecutive innings from 1966 to 1977 and thereafter, she was the prime minister of India till her political assassination from 1980 to 1984 in the fourth innings. She is the first and only woman Prime Minister of India.
5. Morarji Desai
Party (Alliance): Janata PartyElected constituency: Surat, GujaratTerm of office: 24 March 1977 - 28 July 1979Total Time: 2 years, 126 daysHe became Prime Minister at the age of 81. Many times he tried to become prime minister but failed. But it is not that Morarji was not able to become the Prime Minister. In fact, he was unfortunate that despite being the senior-most leader, he did not even become the Prime Minister after the demise of Pandit Nehru and Lal Bahadur Shastri. Morarji Desai became the Prime Minister of the country in March 1977 but his term as PM was not complete. Due to differences with Chaudhary Charan Singh, he had to quit the post of Prime Minister.
6. Charan Singh
Party (Alliance): Janata Party (Secular) with INCElected constituency: Baghpat, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 28 July 1979 - 14 January 1980Total Time: 170 daysIn the Lahore session of Congress, the resolution of the full Swaraj was passed, which influenced the youth Chaudhary Charan Singh became active in politics. He formed the Congress Committee in Ghaziabad. In 1930, when Mahatma Gandhi called for the Civil Disobedience Movement, he joined them by making salt, for which he had to go to jail. He has been considered as a leader of the farmers. He has lived his entire life in the limits of Indianness and the rural environment.
7. Rajiv Gandhi
Party (Alliance): Indian National Congress (I)Elected constituency: Amethi, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 31 October 1984 - 31 December 1984
31 December 1984 - 2 December 1989Total Time: 5 years, 32 daysRajiv Gandhi was not interested in politics and he used to serve as an airline pilot. After the Emergency when Indira Gandhi had to step down, then for some time Rajiv had gone to live foreign with the family. However, in 1982, Rajiv Gandhi entered politics in support of Mother Indira after an untimely death in a plane crash of his younger brother Sanjay Gandhi. He became a Member of Parliament by winning the Lok Sabha election from Amethi and became Prime Minister of India after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by Sikh militants on October 31, 1984.
8. Vishwanath Pratap Singh
Party (Alliance): Janata Dal (National Front)Elected constituency: Fatehpur, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 2 December 1989 - 10 November 1990Total Time: 343 daysVishwanath Pratap Singh, descendant of Rathore Shahi family of Manda, he was the son of King Bhagwati Prasad Singh. In 1936, he adopted the king of Manda Bahadur Ram Gopal Singh, who gave him success in 1941. He was elected as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh state in 1980 during the government of Indira Gandhi. As Chief Minister, he fought against crime in that state.
9. Chandra Shekhar
Party (Alliance): Samajwadi Janata Party with INCElected constituency: Ballia, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 10 November 1990 - 21 June 1991Total Time: 223 daysHe was born on 1st July 1927 in a farming family in Ibrahimpatti in the state of Uttar Pradesh. He was a student at Allahabad University, from which he graduates master of the arts. He was imprisoned during the state of emergency declared by the government of Indira Gandhi between 1975 and 1977. In 2004, he was elected MP for the seventh consecutive time. Suffering from cancer, he was hospitalized in New Delhi in critical condition on May 3, 2007. His condition deteriorates and he dies on July 8, 2007.
10. P. V. Narasimha Rao
Party (Alliance): Indian National Congress (I)Elected constituency: Nandyal, Andhra PradeshTerm of office: 21 June 1991 - 16 May 1996Total Time: 4 years, 330 daysIn 1991, after the Rajiv Gandhi's political assassination, Rao is proclaimed leader of his party, is elected prime minister and undertakes a government characterized by the efforts of modernization and economic reform. He is considered one of the most influential rulers of recent years in India. In 1997 he lost the general election, due to a corruption scandal. Since then he was completely disappear from public life, and dies 7 years later.
11. Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Party (Alliance): Bharatiya Janata PartyElected constituency: Lucknow, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 16 May 1996 - 1 June 1996
19 March 1998 - 10 October 1999
10 October 1999 - 22 May 2004Total Time: 6 years, 80 daysAtal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian politician who served as Prime Minister of India into two mandates, one very brief in 1996 and another from 1998 to 2004. He became prime minister for the first time in May 1996 as a member of the BJP and led a government that lasted only thirteen days. He began a third term in 1999 as head of a coalition government of the National Democratic Alliance (ADN), in which the BJP was an important component. After the electoral defeat of his party, he resigned on May 13, 2004.
12. H. D. Deve Gowda
Party (Alliance): Janata Dal (United Front)Elected constituency: Rajya Sabha MP for KarnatakaTerm of office: 1 June 1996 - 21 April 1997Total Time: 324 daysHaradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda (born 18 may of 1933 in Haradanahalli, state of Mysore today Karnataka, India) an Indian politician who was the 11th Prime Minister of the Republic of India (1996 - 1997). He began his political career in the Indian National Congress Party (INC), but later moved to more leftist positions. For a long time, he was a member of the Karnataka State Assembly.
13. Inder Kumar Gujral
Party (Alliance): Janata Dal (United Front)Elected constituency: Rajya Sabha MP for BiharTerm of office: 21 April 1997 - 19 March 1998Total Time: 332 daysInder Kumar Gujral was the 12th Prime Minister of India from April 1997 to March 1998. He was known for his five-point policy as "Gujral doctrine", which was intended to establish and maintain good relations with neighboring countries. In 1996-97, during his tenure as Indian Foreign Minister, he propagated this theory. At the same time, he was a favorite among political parties for the caliber and humanitarianism.
14. Manmohan Singh
Party (Alliance): Indian National Congress (UPA)Elected constituency: Rajya Sabha MP for AssamTerm of office: 22 May 2004 - 22 May 2009
22 May 2009 - 26 May 2014Total Time: 10 years, 4 daysDr. Manmohan Singh, the 14th Indian Prime Minister. He turned the domestic-oriented economy open. This could make the Indian economy grow from an average of 2-3% to an average of 6%. He forced businesses to get government approval for any decisions. "If you manage the economy rigidly and close yourself to the outside world, no one will be aroused to reproduce and bring new ideas" he said. Foreign investment enters, inflation is lowered from 17% to 8.5%, then only 4%. In countries that run economic systems similar to the Soviet Union, such actions marked the beginning of the Indian economic revolution.
15. Narendra Modi
Party (Alliance): Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA)Elected constituency: Varanasi, Uttar PradeshTerm of office: 26 May 2014 - IncumbentTotal Time: In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections India was elevated by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) by Narendra Modi as the prime ministerial candidate. After the victory, the NDA allies have chosen Narendra Modi as the leader of the Lok Sabha and the Prime Minister is the leader of the Alliance. On May 20, 2014, Narendra Modi was appointed as the 14th Prime Minister of India, and sworn in as Prime Minister on 26 May. In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, Vadodara from Gujarat and Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh were the same, Modi won both the seats and resigned from Vadodara.