It lists the countries of the world, gives an overview, the nations of the world. There are also independent states in it. (Which are internationally accredited and those who have been denied), are settled, the territories, and the fields of special rulers.
According to such inclusion norms, this list does not consider the term 'country' and 'universal nation' synonymous. As is often used in ordinary colloquial. Please keep in mind that the word 'country' is considered to be the most restrictive meaning in any particular circumstance and in certain languages.
This list covers all areas that come under the jurisdiction of the given countries, i.e. area, aquatic region (which also includes aquatic internal area and aquatic areas from the site), specific economic zones, continental shelf, and airspace.
The Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a country ruler of northern Europe and Scandinavia, whose metropolitan territory is located in the south of Norway, from which it is separated by the North Sea, to the west of Sweden, the Øresundacting as a natural frontier, and in the north of Germany, the only country with which it shares a land border. Its capital is Copenhagen. Denmark covers an area of 42924 km2, making it the smallest state in Scandinavia, but total area of 2210579 km2 including the Faroe Islands and Greenland. It had a population of 5.75 million in 2016. A mostly flat country, its territory is composed of agricultural areas and sandy coasts.
Iceland is a sovereign country located in the northwest corner of Europe, whose territory covers the homonymous island and some small islands and adjacent islets in the Atlantic Ocean, between the rest of Europe and Greenland. Its capital is Reykjavik. It has a population of about 350,000 inhabitants and an area of 103,000 km². Because of its location on the Mid - Atlantic Ridge, is a country with highly active volcanic and geological, a factor that greatly affects the landscape of Icelandic territory. The interior of the country consists of a plateau characterized by deserts, mountains, glaciers and glacial rivers that flow to the sea through the lowlands. Thanks to the effects of the Gulf Stream, it has a mild climate in relation to its latitude and provides a habitable environment.
Switzerland, officially Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked country located in central Europe and that has a population of 8,500,000 inhabitants (2018). Switzerland is a federated republic of 26 states, called cantons. Bern is the seat of federal authorities, while the country's financial centers are located in the cities of Zurich, Basel, Geneva and Lugano. Switzerland is the fourth richest country in the world, according to its GDP per capita, with US $ 83,718 (2011). Switzerland has one of the economies capitalists more stable, powerful and modern in the world, located in the top ten according to the Economic Freedom Index 2009. The nominal GDP per capita in Switzerland is higher than most of European economies, second only to Luxembourg. The purchasing power parity index (PPP) of Switzerland is among the fifteen best in the world. Switzerland's economy is the second most competitive in the world.
Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a country in Northern Europe with 5,518,371 (2017) inhabitants. Finland borders on Russia to the east, Norway to the north and Sweden to the northwest. To the south, it is separated from Estonia by the Gulf of Finland. To the west lies the Gulf of Bothnia and to the southwest the Baltic Sea on the other side of which lies neighbor Sweden. The capital is Helsinki. Finland is sometimes called 'the land of a thousand lakes', in reality there are approximately 188,000 lakes. The largest lake is Lake Saimaa. In the southeast the country is speckled with countless lakes and ponds. The country is a democratic republic with an elected president. The presidency of Finland lasts six years, plus a possible re-election of another six years, resulting in a maximum presidency of twelve years.
The Netherlands is one of the countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The majority of the Netherlands is in northwest Europe, on the North Sea. In addition to the European part, there are the three special municipalities in the Caribbean Sea, which are also referred to as the Caribbean Netherlands. The European Netherlands is bordered in the south by Belgium, along the east border by Germany and on the west and north by the sea. The capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam, the government seat is The Hague. The Netherlands has a population of 17,084,719 (2017) and with an area of 41,543 km² a high population density of 411.3/km² (2017). More than 18% of the surface consists of water and a large part of the land and population is below sea level. The land is protected against the water through a system of dikes and waterworks. Polders have been created through land reclamation. Administratively, the country is divided into twelve provinces.
Located at the north end of the North American subcontinent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and north to the Arctic Ocean. It shares a border with the United States to the south, and to the northwest with its federated state Alaska. It is the second largest country in the world after Russia, and also the most northern. It occupies about half of the territory of North America. Because of its climate, it is one of the 15 countries with the lowest population density in the world, with approximately 4 inhabitants per square kilometer.
New Zealand, notable for its geographical isolation, is located about 2000 kilometers southeast of Australia in the Tasman Sea, and its closest neighbors to the north are New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. Due to this long isolation, an endemic fauna dominated by birds developed in the country, many of which became extinct after the arrival of humans and mammals that they introduced without any control. Most of the New Zealand population is of European descent, Maori Indians are the largest minority. Asians and Polynesians are also significant minorities, especially in urban areas. Although it has three official languages the most spoken, by far, it is English.
Australia has been inhabited for at least forty-six thousand years by Australian Aborigines. Their discovery would have occurred after the sporadic visits of Spaniards and Portuguese who explored the northern and western coast of Australia, although without advancing inland due to the small number of explorers. Scans initiated in the seventeenth century were continued by Dutch fishermen, explorers and traders Europeans. So far it is argued that the first to disembark on the eastern shores was the British navigator James Cook that arrived in 1769 to New Zealand and in 1770 to Australian lands. Due to this, the eastern half of the continent was claimed by Great Britain in 1770, and in 1788 a penal colony was established in New South Wales.