Minecraft is a sandbox game created by Mojang led by Markus 'Notch' Persson from Sweden. After Persson left, in 2011, Jens 'Jeb' Bergensten took control of Minecraft as the Mojang Game Developer.

Minecraft is focused on Creativity and Development, which allows players to build anything from textured cubes in the 3D world. The game flow in commercial release has 4 modes:

Survival, which requires players to get resources and have 20 points of life and starvation.Hardcore, just like Survival mode, it's just that the difficulty level opens in the most difficult settings and can't be revived, forcing players to erase their world after death.Creative, where the player has the resources are not limited to, the ability to fly, and no points lives and hunger.Audience Mode, where players clash with the sky, and are unable to see, but interact with blocks.

The classic version is also available on a pay basis, even though it's no longer developed. Creative Mode resembles classic, but with more features.

Initially, Minecraft was released in the alpha version on May 17, 2011, and the beta version on December 20, 2011. A version for Android was released on October 7, 2011, and the Mac version of iOS was released on November 17, 2011. On May 9, 2012, Minecraft was released for the Xbox 360 as an Xbox Live Arcade game, as well as for the PlayStation 3 on December 17, 2013. Both console editions are being developed by 4J Studios, and the full version of the PC game was released on November 18, 2012 at MineCon 2012. June 2014, this game has sold more than 12 billion copies for the Xbox, 15 billion copies for PCs and nearly 54 billion copies for all platforms.

In September 2014, Microsoft announced an agreement to buy Mojang and Minecraft for US$ 2.5 Billion.

Minecraft is available for several platforms such as, Minecraft: Java Edition (Windows, Mac, and Linux), Minecraft (Bedrock Edition, Android, iOS, Windows 10, Xbox, and Switch), and Minecraft: Console Edition (Xbox, and PlayStation).

After version 1.2 (Better Together Update), Minecraft: Pocket Edition, Windows 10 Edition, and Console Edition (with the exception of PlayStation) will be put together in one title, "Minecraft" followed by Switch Edition (Nintendo Switch) on June 21, 2018 (on version 1.4.1 Aquatic Update), while the PC version (Java) will be renamed "Minecraft: Bedrock Edition".

Survival Mode: In survival mode, players are required to obtain natural resources such as wood and stone to make certain blocks or items to survive. Based on the chosen difficulty level, monsters (hostile mobs) will appear in a dark place at a certain distance from the player, requiring players to make a sanctuary in order to survive at night. In this mode there is also a Health Bar that can be reduced if attacked by monsters, falling, drowning, falling into lava, pinched, starving, and several other things. Players also have a Hunger Bar, requiring players to eat food in games every few moments, except in Peaceful mode. If it's Hunger Bar reduced healing will stop and if you run out of the Health Bar or the health of the player will decrease slowly. Blood/player will increase if Hunger Bar is full or almost full.

Players can make various items in Minecraft. Players can make protective clothing that can reduce the effects of attacks, then weapons can also be made to kill enemies and animals more easily. Players can also make equipment such as axes, pickaxes, hoes, and shovels that are used to cut down trees, mine, dig land/arrows, etc. Players can also make furnaces to burn food, mining products and some other materials. Players can barter with villagers by exchanging emerald with other items such as food, blocks, or equipment.

This game has an inventory system, where players can carry a limited number of items. When a player dies, the item in the inventory will automatically fall, and the player will come back to life on the spawn point which is automatically set where the player is at the beginning of the game (when starting the world first) and will be reset when the player sleeps in the bed. Falling items can be taken back if the player can reach the item before the item disappears. Players can collect Experience Points which can be obtained by killing monsters/other players, mining, burning mining products, raising livestock, and cooking food. Experience can be used to improve equipment, protective clothing and weapons. Enhanced items are usually stronger, longer lasting, or have other special effects.

In short, survival mode is a mode where players are required to survive from hunger and monsters that will appear at night.

Creative Mode: Creative mode was first introduced in the Beta 1.8 update. In creative mode, players have unlimited resources, lives and experience points. Players also have the ability to fly. Hostile mobs will also not attack players, and starting from the 1.6 release update they will not strike back if attacked. All blocks can be placed or destroyed with one hit.

Unlike survival mode, inventory has a menu full of items and blocks, allowing players to drag items/blocks into their inventory.

Here players are free to do anything like making creations, experiments, or things that don't make sense to get rid of boredom. Usually, most players use this mode to create creations such as making cities, castles, and so on.

This mode resembles the classic version of Minecraft, where players are given an infinite block that distinguishes it from the block and items in the classic version less than the current version.

Adventure Mode: Adventure mode was first introduced in the release of version 1.3.1. In adventure mode, players can only destroy blocks with the right equipment, for example pickaxes cannot destroy wood, axes cannot destroy land, and shovels do not destroy rocks. Except for release 1.8 players cannot destroy blocks with any equipment or items, players cannot even block any blocks unless they have an NBT tag (such as "Can be placed on....", or "Can break...."). This makes custom maps more challenging because players cannot cheat. However, players can still kill mobs with any equipment/items.

This mode is commonly used for custom folders (i.e. maps created for certain uses such as minigame, story-telling, or lobby server), with the aim that the player does not destroy the block carelessly.

Hardcore Mode: Hardcore mode is the survival mode with the highest difficulty level, and players only have one life. When a player dies, a "Delete World" button appears instead of the "Respawn" and "Main Menu" buttons that appear. However, in update 1.9 besides the "Delete World" button there is also a button that allows players to enter Audience mode to see their world once again. The world will not be automatically deleted, technically the world file is still stored until the player presses the "Delete World" button.

Players can also make this mode more challenging by making it "Ultra-Hardcore Survival", namely the minigame where the player's health bar will not recover naturally.

Audience Mode: Audience mode is a mode that allows players to fly and explore the world without interacting directly.


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"Minecraft" is at the 2nd position in this list.

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