Bhupen Hazarika was born in Sadia, Assam. His father's name is Nilkant Hazarika, mother's name is Shantipriya Hazarika. Among the ten children of his parents, he was the eldest of all. His other brothers are - Amar Hazarika, Pradin Hazarika, Sudakshina Sharma, Nupen Hazarika, said Hazarika, Kavita Barua, Satti Patel, Jayant Hazika and Samar Hazarika.
In private life, Bhupen Hazarika married Priyamvada Patel who lives in Canada. The only child Tej Bhupen Hazarika is staying in New York.
He passed Intermediate Arts from Cotton College, Guwahati in 1942 and BA in 1944 from Kashi Hindu University. And MA in Political Science in 1946. Passed PhD from Columbia University, New York, 1952 Earn degrees. His research was on "Proponents for the preparation of the basic education system of India using adult-language auditory learning".