The Matterhorn was the last peak of the Alpine which was conquered and the first ascent marked the end of the Golden alpinism era, namely in 1865 by an expedition led by Edward Whymper and ended tragically when most of its members fell. The Matterhorn is one of the deadliest peaks in the Alps from 1865 "when it was first ridden" until 1995, 500 alpinists died on it.
The Matterhorn is a symbol of the Alps in general. Since the end of the nineteenth century, when trains were built, attracting more visitors and climbers. Every summer many skilled mountaineers try to climb the Matterhorn through the north-east ridge line of Hörnli, the most visited route to the summit. The mountain is named from the word German is Matte, meaning meadow, and Horn, which means peak.