Tipu Sultan - Tiger of Mysore | Biography
Even though there is a dispute about the name of Tipu Sultan in the pages of history, it cannot be denied that it is impossible to erase Tipu Sultan's name from the pages of history. Born on 20 November 1750 in Devanahalli, Karnataka, Tipu's full name was Sultan Fateh Ali Khan Shahab. His father's name was Hyder Ali and mother's name was Fakrunnissan. His father was a soldier of the Mysore Empire but on his own strength, he became the ruler of Mysore in 1761.
History sees Tipu Sultan not only as a worthy ruler and warrior, but also a scholar. His father Hyder Ali, who was impressed by his valor, conferred on him the title of Sher-e-Mysore. On 4 May 1799, Tipu Sultan died while defending Srirangapatnam while confronting the British.
Some special things related to Tipu Sultan:
1. Tipu Sultan is considered the world's first missile man. According to a BBC news, Tipu Sultan has rockets in London's famous Science Museum. The British took these rockets with them at the end of the 18th century.
2. After being defeated by Tipu Sultan in several wars, the Marathas and the Nizams entered into a treaty with the British. In such a situation, Tipu also proposed a treaty with the British. By the way, the British had also realized the power of Tipu, so they also wanted a treaty with a hidden heart. Negotiations on both sides took place in March 1784 and as a result the 'Treaty of Mangalore' was concluded.
3. Tipu won the first war against the British at the age of 18.
4. 'Palakkad Fort' is also famous by the name "Tipu's Fort". It is located in the central part of Palakkad Town. It was built in 1766. This fort is a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India.
5. Tipu Sultan used to call himself a civilian Tipu.
Hyder Ali's demise in the late 18th century and the accession of Tipu Sultan is a major event in Mysore. With the arrival of Tipu Sultan, the imperialist policy of the British reached a tremendous foundation. While the East India Company was trying to expand its nascent British Empire, Tipu was determined to protect Mysore with his bravery and diplomacy. In fact, Tipu was a great ruler in the late 18th century who tried to expel the British from India. Tipu Sultan ascended the throne of Mysore in 1782 after his father Hyder Ali.
Like his father, he was also a highly skilled commander and a clever diplomat, which is why he always wanted to avenge the defeat of his father from the British, the British were quite afraid of him. In the figure of Tipu Sultan, the British could see the picture of Napoleon. He was a master of many languages, he started taking administrative service and warfare during his father's time, but his greatest demise which led to his defeat was a lot of dependence and trust in the Franciscans.
Gifts for Hindu institutions
In 1791, some Maratha riders of Raghunath Rao Patwardhan raided the temple and monastery of Sringeri Shankaracharya. They looted all the valuable property of the monastery. Many people were killed and many were injured in this attack. Shankaracharya petitioned Tipu Sultan for help. In a letter written to Shankaracharya, Tipu Sultan expressed outrage and grief.
After this, Tipu ordered the Asaf of Bedanur to give 200 relief cash and other gifts to Shankaracharya. Tipu Sultan's interest in the Sringeri temple continued for many years, and he continued to write letters to Shankaracharya even in the 1790s. Tipu's letters were written after the Third Mysore War, when Tipu suffered a number of setbacks including giving his two sons as hostages.
Tipu Sultan also presented gifts to other Hindu temples. The temple at Melkot contains gold and silver utensils, whose inscriptions state that these were gifts by Tipu. Had presented four silver cups to the Lakshmikant temple of Kalale. Between 1782 and 1799, Tipu Sultan issued 34 charities to his manor temples. Many of these presented silver and gold plate gifts. There is a gem-studded cup given by Tipu in the Srikanteshwara temple in Nanjangud. Tipu presented a green Shivling to the Nanjundeshwar temple of Nanjangud. Tipu presented seven silver cups and one silver camphor-flame to Ranganath Temple of Srirangapatna.
On May 4, 1799, at the age of 48, Tipu Sultan was very cleverly murdered by the British at Srirangapatna in Karnataka. After the murder, the British took his sword with him to Britain. After Tipu's death, the entire kingdom fell into the hands of the British.